Astrology & Sacred Sites: The Pyramid of Kukulcán in Chichén Itzá

The Pyramid of Kukulcán in Chichén Itzá. Astrology & Sacred Sites: the astrogeography of the magical pyramid of the feathered serpent.

Related articles: Aquarius as the corresponding sign of Maya cultureThe Maya Ruins at Palenque in astrogeographyTemplo Mayor in Mexico CityThe Great Pyramid of Giza

Virgo and Aquarius - Pyramid of Kukulcán in Chichén Itzá photo: Daniel Schwen license: GNU/FDL
The Pyramid of Kukulcán in Chichén Itzá is located in the combination of Aquarius with Virgo photo: Daniel Schwen license: GNU/FDL

The pyramid of Kukulcán (or El Castillo) in the centre of the temple area of in Chichén Itzá was built during the post-classical period of Mayan culture between 650-1050 AD. The god it is dedicated to is the serpent deity Kukulcán (Maya for:Feathered Serpent”) which as the Feathered Serpent Deity is also famous in several mesoamerican cultures.

Relief of the Feathered Serpent from the temple of Xochicalco located in earth sign Virgo with air sign Libra photo: Giovani V, GNU/FDL
Relief of the Feathered Serpent from the temple of Xochicalco located in earth sign Virgo with air sign Libra      photo: Giovani V, GNU/FDL

Relief of the Feathered Serpent from the Mayan Temple of Xochicalco located in earth sign Virgo with air sign Libra.

According to the wikipedia article: “The double symbolism used in its name is considered allegoric to the dual nature of the deity, where being feathered represents its divine nature or ability to fly to reach the skies and being a serpent represents its human nature or ability to creep on the ground among other animals of the Earth, a dualism very common in Mesoamerican deities.”

In regard to the astrogeographical coordinates of the Kukulcan Temple at Chichén Itzá the dualism of the feathered serpent lies in its ability to creep on the ground with the other animals relates to the temple´s position in earth sing Virgo the sign of being subject to earthly conditions  – while the feathered aspect relates to the position in Aquarius the sign of the sky, heaven and the capacity to fly.  In the case of the Temple of Xochicalco  Aquarius` role as an indicator for the sepents`feathers is taken over by air sign Libra.

Kukulkan at its finest during the March Equinox. Chichen Itza Equinox March 2009. The famous descent of the snake at the temple. source,
The Pyramid of Kukulcán at its finest during the spring equinox of March 2009: The famous descent of the snake at the temple.    source,

The so-called “spectacle of the feathered serpent (Quetzalcoatl) occurs here each year on the equinox days March 21 and September 23. On these dates “…the shadows from the corner tiers slither down the northern side of the pyramid with the sun’s movement to the serpent’s head at the base.” (wikipedia). This is a clear indication that the whole pyramid has been placed as a calendar building.

Astrogeographic position for morphogenetic field level 3 which describes how the temple area at Chichen Itza is embedded in the land: The construction site is located in the constellation of earth sign Virgo with the air sign Aquarius.

The astrogeographic position in spiritual air sign Aquarius the sign of the sky and heaven stands for the topic of connecting earth and sky. Aquarius so stands for the fact the place of worship at Chichen Itza is a place under the open sky and not a closed up chamber, dark room or hidden cave underneath the pyramids.  Aquarius indicates that it is the tip and not the inside of the Pyramid of Kukulcán that was the sacral and energetic ritual centre. In regard to the worshipped deities Aquarius stands for gods of the sky and heaven, strong winds, lightnings and thunder,  Aquarius the eleventh sign is seen as the sign of the appearance of the stage of humans among the 12 signs of the zodiac (zoodiac). Therefore Aquarius could to some extent could suggest human issues like emancipation from slavery, rebellion against a certain priest caste or the replacement of one, inspiration, purification, self-finding and abstraction as central topics of the Kukulcán pyramid. And apart from all that Aquarius could also relate to the enormous height of the pyramid as well as its significance as an architectural innovation for the city of Chichén Itzá.

Aquarius plays an important role in the processes of reorientation,  in society and religion. This can be understood from the important role of such temple sites in Aquarius as Akhenaten`s Temple of the Sun God Aton built to replace the traditional gods and established priest castes of Egypt and the mothership of gothic cathedrals Our Lady of Chartres.

The second coordinate here lies in the first degrees of self-protective  earth sign Virgo the sign of reason, the harvest season, storing goods and and the spiritual entities of plants, health and nature in general. Virgo so stands for a practical approach to the understanding of the meaning and function of the temple. It stands for the function of the place and the ritual worship here in regard to strategical planning, securing ressources and health protection. Virgo represents the opposite sign of Pisces the sign of mystification, the dream world, irrationalism, illusion. As such Virgo opposes the typical reflex in Pisces of seeking personal (mental and emotional) contact with the spiritual plane as for example in Buddhism (compare: The site of Gautama`s  illumination). In this function Virgo does not stand for religion in the sense of reconnection with spirituality but for a religious belief based on reasonable or economical considerations, security issues and anxiety about the future in the first place. It can so be concluded that the magic worked by the priests might have been primarily directed at earthly concerns such as provisions for the planning of future crops and preventing droughts, earthquakes or epidemics. Pisces on the other hand as the sign of intoxication would be directed at the illusion or opium for the people effect in the first place. On a psychological level this could explain why a worship that relies on the effeciency of the ritual magic worked at the temples could come to a point where it depended on the most severe form of sacrificial worship: the sacrifice of humans.

From the fact that one of the coordinates falls in Virgo it may be concluded that the pyramid was not built right on an energetical source of spiritual energy in the first place like is the case with many temples worldwide. Virgo could rather mean that the energetical centre of the temple area is to be found in the immediate vicinity of the site. Virgo is an indication that the cult is related to nature`s spirits and entities. For the role of earth sign Virgo compare: Templo Mayor in Mexico CityGreat Pyramid of Giza, Valley of the Kings, Virgo and Aquarius – “Angel of the North”

Comparison of approximate profiles of some pyramidal or near-pyramidal buildings. Where the base is rectangular, the longer side is shown. Dotted lines indicate original heights, where known.  image: Cmglee, GNU/FDL